Child marriages were common in history. Historically, child marriage was common around the world, the average life expectancy did not exceed 50 years old, so child marriage was considered an effective practice to sustain population.
Arranged marriages across feudal lords, city states and kingdoms, as a means of establishing political alliances, trade and peace were common in human history. Various cultures, particularly some wealthy royals and aristocratic families, arranged marriages in part to conserve or streamline the inheritance of their wealth.
This sort of arranged marriage, in theory, enabled the girl to escape poverty and wealthy family to get free labour and a daughter-in-law. Zhaozhui was a related custom by which a wealthy family that lacked an heir would arrange marriage of a boy child from another family.
Such arranged marriages helped maintain inheritance bloodlines. This is termed as bride-wealth and locally, by various names such as Lobola and Wine Carrying.
The brothers, father and male relatives of the bride typically take keen interest in arranging her marriage to a man who is willing to pay the most wealth in exchange for the right to marry her.
Of the major religions of the world, Islam forbids marriage of girls born to a devout parent to a man who does not belong to that religion. In other words, Islam forbids marriage of Muslim girls to non-Muslim men,  and the religious punishment for those who marry outside might be severe. These fears have been stoked by observed divorces once the minimum married residence period requirement is met.
Activists such as Charlotte Bunch suggest that marriages arranged by parents and other family members, typically assume heterosexual preference and involve emotional pressure; this drives some individuals into marriages that they consent under duress.
In contrast, preventing arranged marriages may harm many individuals who want to get married and can benefit from parental participation in finding and selecting a mate.
For example, Willoughby suggests  that arranged marriages work because they remove anxiety in process of finding the spouses.
Willoughby further suggests that parents and family provide more than input in the screening and selection process; often, they provide financial support for the wedding, housing, emotional support and other valuable resources for the couple as they navigate past the wedding into married life, and help raise their children.
Michael Rosenfeld says  that the differences between autonomous marriages and arranged marriages are empirically small; many people meet, date and choose to marry or cohabit with those who are similar in background, age, interests and social class they feel most similar to, screening factors most parents would have used for them anyway, according to Rosenfeld.
Assuming the pool from which mates are screened and selected is large, Rosenfeld suggests that the differences between the two approaches to marriages are not as great as some imagine them to be. The global divorce rate for arranged marriages was 6. Others suggest that the low divorce rate may not reflect stability, rather it may reflect the difficulty in the divorce process and social ostracism to the individuals, who choose to live in a dysfunctional marriage rather than face the consequences of a divorce.
There is a difference in observed divorce rates between various types of arranged marriages. Love and respect in arranged versus autonomous marital life[ edit ] Various small sample surveys have been done to ascertain if arranged marriages or autonomous marriages have a more satisfying married life.
The results are mixed - some state marriage satisfaction is higher in autonomous marriages, others find no significant differences. Epstein suggests that in many arranged marriages, love emerges over time.
Neither autonomous nor arranged marriages offer any guarantees. Many arranged marriages also end up being cold and dysfunctional as well, with reports of abuse.MUHAMMAD, AISHA, ISLAM, AND CHILD BRIDES. by Silas. NOTE. I needed to edit and correct this article because I’ve learned some new details.
Initially, I believed what many Muslims asserted: Muhammad sexually consummated his marriage to the nine . May 26, · A great majority of the child marriages involve girls and adult men.
Such a sexual relationship would often violate statutory rape laws, but marriage . PDF versions. This briefing paper is for police officers. It brings together key messages from research on child sexual exploitation (CSE) and highlights implications for practice.
Research to inform the strategic directions, policies and programmes of UNICEF, shape global debates on child rights, and inform the global research .
PDF versions. This briefing paper is for social workers. It brings together key messages from research on child sexual exploitation (CSE) with implications for practice and should be read in conjunction with guidance for professionals [Links to English guidance and Welsh guidance].
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