Child Welfare Practice Models Child Welfare Practice Models Many child welfare agencies encourage practice improvement and systems change through the use of practice models that emphasize family-centered practice.
Page parent-child interactions. Very few parenting programs have been evaluated in terms of their effects on child maltreatment. Incidents of child maltreatment may be difficult to identify in the aftermath of preventive interventions unless such incidents are reported to government authorities.
Therefore, improvements in intermediate or surrogate measures are often viewed as indicators of reduced risk status. While many child maltreatment prevention programs have the reduction of abuse and neglect as a goal, most programs focus on intermediate or surrogate outcomes, such as parenting behavior, childrearing attitudes, maternal mental health, maternal problem-solving and use of health and social services, subsequent fertility, maternal employment, job training, and school completion Benasich et al.
As research reviewed in Chapter 4 indicates, certain types of parenting styles or indicators of maternal well-being are associated with abuse and neglect, suggesting that home visiting and center-based programs with a parental focus can help prevent child abuse and neglect.
Indeed, almost all programs aimed at enhancing child competence employ parent-oriented strategies. Models of risk and vulnerability as well as family systems and ecological models speak to various factors that promote or restrain development Bronfenbrenner, ; Garmezy and Rutter, ; Hinde and Stevensen-Hinde, ; Reiss, ; Werner and Smith, Prevention Programs for Families with Young Children Four major types of prevention strategies have been developed for families with young children defined as the prenatal period through age 8 who are at risk of significant social or health problems: Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect.
The National Academies Press. Most of these programs have focused on multiple risk factors, and the evaluations of program outcomes focus primarily on child health measures.
Child sexual abuse occurs during vital developmental stages, so there are models explaining how the onset of sexual abuse at different ages would affect social and personal function development areas leading to disorders like “borderline personality, multiple personality, somatization disorder, eating disorders, and substance use” (p. ). Theoretical Models of Child Abuse Essay Sample. P2. In spite of the large number of theories that were researched into why children are abused, there is no single theory that can be applied to all cases of abuse and neglect. The four pre conditions model. Prev Contents Next. A model to understand why/how someone may sexually abuse. To bridge the gap between psychological and sociological interpretations of sexual abuse, Finkelhor () proposed a multi-factor model which has explanatory power on both levels.
Only a few have been evaluated in terms of their impact on child maltreatment. Comprehensive Home Visitation Programs The majority of home visiting models or short-term, neonatal nursery-based interventions have been developed for children at biological risk of a host of poor outcomes, but they were not developed specifically for child abuse and neglect Bennett, ; Brooks-Gunn, Home visiting programs initially focused almost exclusively on low-birthweight and preterm children, providing services only in the home environment.
A notable exception is the Infant Health and Development Program, which combined home visiting and center-based programming for low-birthweight, premature infants and toddlers and their parents Brooks-Gunn et al. Programs for children exposed to drugs in utero are being initiated across the country, but the majority of prior prevention programs in the field of substance abuse have not been guided by empirical data Kumpfer, Home visiting programs designed to provide universal services for all new mothers were popular earlier in this century and continue in many European countries.
In the United States, a resurgence of interest in home visitation occurred in the last decade, and the audience for such programs has expanded from children solely at biological risk from low-birthweight or pre-term births to children who are at risk because of poverty or child maltreatment.
Approaches based on a variety of models that have been initiated and evaluated in the last 10 years include a parent education model Dunst et al. Overlaps among these models exist for example, the public health model includes social support and parenting as program components.
Olds has reviewed a number of home-based programs.Discuss the impact of early childhood trauma on a child’s mental health. Define substance abuse, substance dependence, tolerance, intoxication, and withdrawal. Contrast four theoretical models of childhood behaviors.
P2 – Describe four theoretical models of child abuse M1-Compare four theoretical models of child abuse D1 – Evaluate four theoretical models of possible child abuse The aim of this assignment is to enable learners to understand the theoretical models of child abuse and consider the implications of each model.
Four Theoretical Models of Child Abuse Report I have been asked to write a report describing the four theoretical models of child abuse to include: Medical, Psychological, Sociological and Feminist approaches which I will start off by describing each.
A review of the research on child abuse suggests three basic theoretical models to account for the etiology of abuse: (1) a psychiatric model emphasizing the role of the individual abuser; (2) a. British Journal of Education Vol.3, No.3, pp, March Published by European Centre for Research Training and Development UK (tranceformingnlp.com).
M1-Compare four theoretical models of child abuse D1 – Evaluate four theoretical models of possible child abuse The aim of this assignment is to enable learners to understand the theoretical models of child abuse and consider the implications of each model.