Source What is conformity? To understand the value of Conformity, we must first define what we mean by it. Here is a definition of the word "Conformity": Imagine you and a group of strangers are told to go into a room and wait until further instructions are given.
Social norms Learning Objectives Become aware of how widespread conformity is in our lives and some of the ways each of us changes our attitudes and behavior to match the norm.
Understand the two primary reasons why people often conform to perceived norms.
Appreciate how obedience to authority has been examined in laboratory studies and some of the implications of the findings from these investigations. Introduction When he was a teenager, my son often enjoyed looking at photographs of me and my wife taken when we were in high school.
Everyday observation confirms that we often adopt the actions and attitudes of the people around us. Trends in clothing, music, foods, and entertainment are obvious. But our views on political issues, religious questions, and lifestyles also reflect to some degree the attitudes of the people we interact with.
Similarly, decisions about behaviors such as smoking and drinking are influenced by whether the people we spend time with engage in these activities. Psychologists refer to this widespread tendency to act and think like the people around us as conformity. Fashion trends serve as good, and sometimes embarrassing, examples of our own susceptibility to conformity.
To start, humans may possess an inherent tendency to imitate the actions of others. Although we usually are not aware of it, we often mimic the gestures, body posture, language, talking speed, and many other behaviors of the people we interact with.
Beyond this automatic tendency to imitate others, psychologists have identified two primary reasons for conformity. The first of these is normative influence. When normative influence is operating, people go along with the crowd because they are concerned about what others think of them.
Fitting in also brings rewards such as camaraderie and compliments. How powerful is normative influence?
Consider a classic study conducted many years ago by Solomon Asch The participants were male college students who were asked to engage in a seemingly simple task. An experimenter standing several feet away held up a card that depicted one line on the left side and three lines on the right side.
Sixteen cards were presented one at a time, and the correct answer on each was so obvious as to make the task a little boring. Except for one thing. The participant was not alone. In fact, there were six other people in the room who also gave their answers to the line-judgment task aloud.
Moreover, although they pretended to be fellow participants, these other individuals were, in fact, confederates working with the experimenter. The mistake might have been amusing, except the second participant gave the same answer. As did the third, the fourth, and the fifth participant. Suddenly the real participant was in a difficult situation.
His eyes told him one thing, but five out of five people apparently saw something else. Examples of the cards used in the Asch experiment. How powerful is the normative influence? Would you be tempted to give a clearly incorrect answer, like many participants in the Asch experiment did, to better match the thoughts of a group of peers?
Fred the Oyster, https: But, would participants intentionally give a wrong answer just to conform with the other participants? The confederates uniformly gave incorrect answers on 12 of the 16 trials, and 76 percent of the participants went along with the norm at least once and also gave the wrong answer.
In total, they conformed with the group on one-third of the 12 test trials. Although we might be impressed that the majority of the time participants answered honestly, most psychologists find it remarkable that so many college students caved in to the pressure of the group rather than do the job they had volunteered to do.
In almost all cases, the participants knew they were giving an incorrect answer, but their concern for what these other people might be thinking about them overpowered their desire to do the right thing. This last finding is consistent with the notion that participants change their answers because they are concerned about what others think of them.Often we conform for precisely this reason: We're afraid of being laughed at.
We're worried about what other people will say or think. But, as Orwell demonstrates, conforming in this sense leads to non-conformity in another. When people have different opinions in a group, they often adjust their own attitudes and behaviors to match the group opinion, known as social conformity.
The affiliation account of normative conformity states that people conform to norms in order to ‘fit in’, whereas the accuracy account of. Why do people conform? Conformity is an intriguing psychological concept thus been debated and researched for years. Due to different factors it causes sound minded individuals to change their beliefs or behaviour to avoid being shunned from the group, even if they internally disagree.
Not conforming helps you grow emotionally, physically and spiritually because you’re free to do your own thing. Try not to care about what other people think.
You’ll stop conforming, and as long as you’re not rejecting other people’s ways out of spite, no one should make you feel bad about your choices.
A life where your every action is dictated by people who aren’t even concerned about you. I don’t yet have a house, kids, mortgage, and all that typical stuff society expects you to conform .
People conform so they only have to do the bare minimum Conformity is closely related to interest level and self-demand. Only those who set out to achieve the highest goals will construct a life for themselves that blooms with every step.