The guqin is a plucked seven-string instrument as can be seen in the painting at the left. Bo Ya was amazed by the woodcutter's deep understanding of the music and the two quickly became close friends. Bo Ya needed to continue his journey home but before leaving his new friend he promised to return in one year. As promised, Bo Ya returned the next year only to discover that his friend had died.
See Article History Drawing, the art or technique of producing images on a surface, usually paper, by means of marks, usually of ink, graphite, chalk, charcoal, or crayon. Drawing as formal artistic creation might be defined as the primarily linear rendition of objects in the visible world, as well as of concepts, thoughts, attitudes, emotions, and fantasies given visual form, of symbols and even of abstract forms.
This definition, however, applies to all graphic arts and techniques that are characterized by an emphasis on form or shape rather than mass and colour, as in painting.
Drawing as such differs from graphic printing processes in that a direct relationship exists between production and result. Drawing, in short, is the end product of a successive effort applied directly to the carrier. Whereas a drawing may form the basis for reproduction or copying, it is nonetheless unique by its very nature.
Although not every artwork has been preceded by a drawing in the form of a preliminary sketch, drawing is in effect the basis of all visual arts. Often the drawing is absorbed by the completed work or destroyed in the course of completion. Thus, the usefulness of a ground plan drawing of a building that is to be erected decreases as the building goes up.
Similarly, points and lines marked on a raw stone block represent auxiliary drawings for the sculpture that will be hewn out of the material. Essentially, every painting is built up of lines and pre-sketched in its main contours ; only as the work proceeds is it consolidated into coloured surfaces.
As shown by an increasing number of findings and investigations, drawings form the material basis of mural, panel, and book paintings.
Such preliminary sketches may merely indicate the main contours or may predetermine the final execution down to exact details.
They may also be mere probing sketches. Long before the appearance of actual small-scale drawing, this procedure was much used for monumental murals. With sinopia —the preliminary sketch found on a layer of its own on the wall underneath the fresco, or painting on freshly spread, moist plaster—one reaches the point at which a work that merely served as technical preparation becomes a formal drawing expressing an artistic intention.
Seabrooke, GeorgetteGeorgette Seabrooke in an excerpt from A Study of Negro Artists, a silent film produced by the Harmon Foundation and released in the s that features many artists active during the Harlem Renaissance. Archival footage supplied by the Internet Moving Images Archive at archive.
Autonomousor independent, drawings, as the name implies, are themselves the ultimate aim of an artistic effort; therefore, they are usually characterized by a pictorial structure and by precise execution down to details. Formally, drawing offers the widest possible scope for the expression of artistic intentions.
Bodies, space, depth, substantiality, and even motion can be made visible through drawing. It is thus plausible that the esteem in which drawing was held should have developed parallel to the value placed on individual artistic talent. Ever since the Renaissance, drawing has gradually been losing its anonymous and utilitarian status in the eyes of artists and the public, and its documents have been increasingly valued and collected.
Video by Marcello Barenghi; music by Cinquequarti This article deals with the aesthetic characteristics, the mediums of expression, the subject matter, and the history of drawing.
General considerations Elements and principles of design The principal element of drawing is the line. Through practically the entire development of Western drawing, this figure, essentially abstract, not present in nature, and appearing only as a border setting of bodies, colours, or planes, has been the vehicle of a representational more or less illusionist rendition of objects.
Only in very recent times has the line been conceived of as an autonomous element of form, independent of an object to be represented. Conscious and purposeful drawing represents a considerable mental achievement, for the ability to reduce the spatial objects in the world around one to lines drawn on a plane presupposes a great gift for abstraction.
The identification of the motif of a drawing by the viewer is no less an achievement, although it is mastered by practically all human beings.
The visual interpretation of a line as a representation of a given object is made possible through certain forms of that line that call forth associations. The angular meeting of two lines, for example, may be considered as representing the borders of a plane; the addition of a third line can suggest the idea of a cubic body.
Vaulting lines stand for arches, convergent lines for depth. With the aid of this modest basic vocabulary, one can distill comprehensible images from a variety of linear phenomena.
After decisively characterizing the form of Egyptian drawing and the archaic art of Greece, the outline sketch became the chief vehicle of artistic communication in late antiquity and the Middle Ages.
The outline sketch is elaborated into the detailed drawing by means of the line, which differentiates between the plastic and the spatial values of the object. Borders of individual objects, changes in the spatial plane, and varying intensities of colour applied within an outline sketch all tend to enrich and clarify the relationship between the whole and its component parts.
The free beginning, the disappearance, or the interruption of a line provides opportunities for gradually slurring an edge until it becomes a plane, for letting colour transitions fade away, for having the line vanish in the depth.The Modern Portrait in Eliot’s “Portrait of a Lady” - Valentina Kluge - Term Paper (Advanced seminar) - English Language and Literature Studies - Literature - Publish your bachelor's or master's thesis, dissertation, term paper or essay.
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Drawing, the art or technique of producing images on a surface, usually paper, by means of marks, usually of ink, graphite, chalk, charcoal, or crayon.. Drawing as formal artistic creation might be defined as the primarily linear rendition of objects in the visible world, as well as of concepts, thoughts, attitudes, emotions, and fantasies given visual form, of symbols and even of abstract forms.
Feb 12, · WASHINGTON — With the unveiling here Monday at the National Portrait Gallery of the official presidential likenesses of Barack Obama and the former first lady, Michelle Obama, this city of. Nov 25, · It was a weeknight at Applebee’s in Huber Heights, a suburb of Dayton, a few weeks before the wedding.
The couple, who live in nearby New Carlisle, were shoulder to .